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Jean-Michel Vernière, Research Collaborator (France). J.M. Vernière’s family roots are in Auvergne, the harsh province where he was born in December of 1931. His youthful pursuits and readings gave him, with certain idealism, the spirit of commitment, the desire to travel the world, to live a life of adventure… Since 1951, unable to wait for action any longer, he postponed his legal studies and enlisted in the army. After a training experience as a member of the commando corps, he left for French Indochina where, as a young non-commissioned officer (NCO) parachutist, he chose to serve in the Mixed Airborne Commando Group (G.C.M.A.). He was stationed in Laos for the mission “SERVAN,” (Houaphan province, Northern Laos, Sam Neua region). He was dropped here in the middle of Hmong country, leader of the Maquis [resistance force] of Houei Thao, and later Nong Kang. Psychological and guerrilla warfare are not in any training manual. All of this in the most complete isolation, broken only by airdrops and radio communications … With his Hmong resistance fighters, he participated in the “Desperados” operation over Dien bien Phu, initiated by Captain Sassi. He “escaped” in February of 1955, six months after the Geneva Accords. Back in France, he joined the elite 11th battalion shock parachutists. Later, his officer’s training at St Cyr-Coëtquidan [distinguished French military Academy] in 1956. In 1957, he joined the 3rd regiment of colonial paratroopers as a lieutenant under Colonel Trinquier, the former leader of the Mixed Airborne Commando Group. He was severely injured on November 17, 1958 in Operation “Couronne.” After two years of treatment, now unfit to parachute, he joined the police force, serving in various roles. During this time, he completed his legal studies through the Doctorate level. In 1975, he became the Chief of Staff for the Director of the police force, Mr. Cochard. In 1978, he returned to the Special Services. In December 1988, he completed his mission with the rank of General and retired in the Ardèche, in his “Méo Village”.